Home » News » Top Reads » Bilateral logistics agreement between India and Russia to be concluded soon Agreements with Australia and Russia will be largely in line with those of the United States, while the agreement with Japan is a broader agreement on defense cooperation, including logistics, a second official said. The signing of these agreements was in line with India`s growing maritime engagement with the Indo-Pacific navies. The Indian Navy is currently conducting bilateral naval exercises with fourteen navies and coordinating patrols with four, most of which are in the Indo-Pacific. The most recent India-Singapore-Thailand Joint Maritime Exercise, which took place on the 16th. Held in Port Blair in September 2019, the directory of joint exercises conducted in the region by the Indian Navy has been further expanded.5 Such operational operations, coupled with the signing of logistics agreements, indicate the expiration of strategic trust between nations. Main level: Various logistics agreements mentioned Initially planned to be signed during Prime Minister Narendra Modi`s visit to Russia for the Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok in 2019, the bilateral logistics agreement has experienced several delays, but the RELOS is now expected to be signed during the visit of Russian Defense Minister General Sergei Shoigu, in the coming months. Shoigu will be in India to co-chair the meeting of the Intergovernmental Commission, which deals with a number of military-technical cooperations between India and Russia. During the visit, the two countries will also sign a memorandum of understanding on cooperation between navies. Logistics agreements also eliminate, in some way, the need for a country to invest in overseas bases or dual-use infrastructure.

Indeed, the effectiveness of bases abroad should be measured by the costs of installation, maintenance and personnel. Therefore, depending on a nation`s strategic interests in a region, the development of bases abroad must be assessed on the basis of the relative flexibility that a logistics agreement offers to expand a country`s operational presence while diversifying its international presence at a much lower cost. India and Russia will sign a bilateral military logistics agreement in the coming months. The bilateral agreement between India and Russia is called the Reciprocal Logistics Exchange Agreement (RELOS) and is similar in title to an Indo-US agreement. Agreement known as the Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Understanding (LEMOA). Like all logistics services agreements, reLOS is intended to be a reciprocal agreement whereby both countries can use each other`s military logistics facilities while visiting each other`s ports, bases and military facilities. Background: India and Russia conclude a defence agreement that will simplify interoperability and allow military platforms to receive support and deliveries between the bases of the two countries – Reciprocal Logistics Support Agreement (SBAA). For example, since LEMOA`s signing with the U.S. in 2016, Indian warships stationed near the Gulf of Aden have refueled from U.S.

Navy tankers in the region and also have the option to refuel from U.S. Navy tankers around the world or enter ports under their control if necessary. The versatility and scope of this agreement was recently highlighted when INS Kiltan, an Anti-Submarine Warfare Corvette of the Indian Navy, carried out Sea Refueling (SAR) with the US Merchant Navy ship USNS Richard E. Byrd, a Clark-class dry cargo and ammunition ship, in the South China Sea.2 Following the signing of the logistics agreement with France in 2018, Indian warships and military aircraft will be able to use the French base of Djibouti in the Horn of Africa or the French territory of Reunion in the Indian Ocean for a rapid “recovery” of their assets.3 A logistics agreement with Russia would give the Indian Navy access to Arctic seaports. that are likely to be ice-free for a longer period of time in the future due to global warming. In addition to extending the reach of Indian warships, such agreements provide additional operational flexibility to the Indian Navy`s Long Range Maritime Patrol (LRMP) aircraft. The Indian Navy has in its inventory the very powerful Boeing P8I, which was acquired in 2013. The aircraft carries a variety of advanced weapons and sensors capable of fighting surface and underground targets.

With an operational range of 1200 nm (stationary for four hours) and a speed of 789 km/h, the aircraft forms India`s maritime “first line of defence”.4 As agreed, the logistical agreements with partner countries thus facilitate the landing and refuelling of these aircraft on mutual bases and thus significantly expand their scope of operation. It is an agreement that allows access to India and Russia, each other`s military facilities for supplies and fuel, expands logistical support and operational recovery of the Indian Army. India has managed to cross a straight line through the turbulent geostrategic environment by concluding military logistics agreements with the US, France, Singapore and South Korea, and looks forward to signing a similar deal with Russia shortly and having more to follow. The aim was to strengthen cooperation in the areas of maritime security, joint exercises, HADR and interoperability between navies. Although Indian warships can still expand their operational reach through the use of tankers from their fleet, the availability of logistics support facilities with other countries will further enhance the Indian Navy`s ability to maintain an adequate “presence” for long periods in its areas of interest in the wider Indo-Pacific. China`s growing activities in the Indo-Pacific have motivated India to enter into military logistics agreements with various partners. Defense officials said the pact was long overdue given the deep defense and strategic cooperation between the two countries. The Russian deal gives India access to its facilities in the Arctic, which sees increased global activity as new shipping lanes are opened and resources become available, a third official said. These agreements go a long way in expanding India`s military reach, especially its maritime reach and influence in various regions that are of strategic importance to India. In practice, this saves a lot of time and reduces the overall cost of the long accounting exercises that the military otherwise has to deal with with each visit. B for example when the respective armed forces are involved in operations such as humanitarian aid and disaster relief or even bilateral military exercises.

India is ready to conclude the bilateral logistics agreement with Russia soon, while the agreement with the UK is in the final stages of closing. It is also interesting to note the timing of India`s logistics agreements mentioned above in relation to the geostrategic calculation in force at the time. US President Barack Obama announced his strategy of “rebalancing towards Asia” in 2011. In September-October 2013, Chinese President Xi Jinping proposed the ambitious “Silk Road Economic Belt” and the “21st Century Maritime Silk Road,” or “One Belt, One Road,” which was later renamed the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), which preceded more than a decade of aggressive development of China`s maritime infrastructure in most of India`s coastal IOR countries. These include the development of islands in the South China Sea, the constant incursions of Chinese warships into the Indian Ocean, and the acquisition of a military base in Djibouti. China`s growing economic and military clout therefore required an effective counterweight. .